What is Cooperative Learning?
Cooperative learning aims to organize class
activities. Also, it aims to into a social and
educational learning experience. Also in it,
students work together in groups to perform a
task. John Dewey the education reformer
introduced this theory. It is the responsibility
of the teacher to carefully select the group.
Each member is responsible for learning. And
also, to teach what is taught to his/her
Meaning and Definition of
Cooperative learning is an activity which helps
students to work in groups. Also, it enables
them to learn and teach group members. Also,
the success of each member depends on the
Cooperative learning is a teaching method. It
arranges and mixes students of different level
of ability and learning into groups. Also, it
focuses on group success rather than
Types of Cooperative Learning
Cooperative learning divides into 3 parts:
1. Formal Learning
The formal group assigns tasks and projects.
Also, they stay together until the assignment
completes. The group has a clear structure.
Besides, the teacher selects the groups.
Depending on the assignments, the group can
be heterogeneous and homogeneous. Likewise,
three to five-person groups is believed to be
2. Informal Learning
These are just the opposite of formal learning.
Also, they are not structured very well.
Typically they involve activities that take few
minutes. In addition, they usually have two to
three members. They are suitably used for
rapid activities like check for understanding,
quick problem solving or review, etc. these
help in changing the format of the lecture.
Also, they give students a few minutes to talk
about a concept with a go over.
3. Cooperative Learning
They are usually long term support group.
Also, their minimum duration is a semester
but they can last for years. Due to their
duration, they generally become friends or
acquaintances. The members support and
cooperate with each other outside the group.
Elements of Cooperative Learning
Basically, there are five elements of
1. Positive Interdependence
It means that they have clear goals or target.
Also, their effort not only helps oneself but the
group. Positive interdependence is committed
to personal success. as well as the success of
every member of the group.
2. Individual and Group Accountability
The group is accountable for its actions. Also,
the members are accountable for their fair
contribution. And also for achieving the group
goal. Besides no one can copy or steal others
work. Everyone’s performance must be
assessed. And its results should be given to the
3. Small group and Interpersonal skills
Small group and interpersonal skills require
carrying out as part of a group. Basically, they
are teamwork skills. Self-motivation, efficient
leadership, decision making, trust-building,
communication, and conflict managing are
4. Promotive face-to-face Interaction
This means that students share each other
success by dividing resources. Also, to learn
they help, give confidence, support, and
admire each other’s work. Educational and
individual both are part of this common goal.
5. Group Processing
Group members require experiencing free to
communicate frankly with others. Also, they
feel each other’s concern and make merry at
accomplishments. Besides, they should
converse about achieving the goal and
maintaining helpful working relations.